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Intro to Brunei

by Duangkamol Buranasomphop

            
Intro to Brunei

           Brunei Darussalam (Brunei) is a small state of just 5,765 square kilometers located on the north-west coast of the island of Kalimantan, or ‘Borneo’ (a western term derived from ‘Brunei’). It is an Islamic State where the Sultan, Sir Hassanal Bolkiah, the twenty-ninth in the dynasty, rules by decree. Its population is about 280,000, of whom nearly 60 per cent live in urban areas. Malays make up about 64 per cent of the population, Chinese about 20 per cent and indigenous tribes about 8 per cent. It would be an unremarkable territory were it not that underneath its soil and under its territorial waters lie huge oil and gas reserves which have enabled the country to have the highest per capita income in Southeast Asia. This underground wealth has also enabled one of the world’s few remaining absolute monarchies to survive to the end of the 20th century. The Sultanate has considerable financial reserves invested throughout the world.

Duangkamol Buranasomphop

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